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Apa Itu Mesin Bensin ?

Apa Itu Mesin Bensin ?

November 2, 2020 by BengkelSeal Team36

Mesin Bensin adalah jenis mesin kalor yang termasuk Mesin Pembakaran Dalam (Internal Combustion Engine). Internal Combustion Engine (I.C. Engine) adalah mesin kalor yang mengubah energi kimia bahan bakar menjadi kerja mekanis, yaitu dalam bentuk putaran poros. Energi kimia bahan bakar pertama diubah menjadi energi panas melalui proses pembakaran atau oksidasi dengan udara dalam mesin. Energi panas ini meningkatkan temperatur dan tekanan gas pada ruang bakar. Gas bertekanan tinggi ini kemudian berekspansi melawan mekanisme mekanik mesin.

Ekspansi ini diubah oleh mekanisme link menjadi putaran crankshaft, yang merupakan output dari mesin tersebut. Crankshaft selanjutnya dihubungkan ke sistem transmisi oleh sebuah poros untuk mentransmisikan daya atau energi putaran mekanis yang selanjutnya energi ini dimanfaatkan sesuai dengan keperluan.

Siklus Otto pada mesin bensin disebut juga dengan siklus volume konstan, dimana pembakaran terjadi pada saat volume konstan. Pada mesin bensin dengan siklus Otto dikenal dua jenis mesin, yaitu mesin 4 langkah (four stroke) dan 2 langkah (two stroke). Untuk mesin 4 langkah terdapat 4 kali gerakan piston atau 2 kali putaran poros engkol (crank shaft) untuk tiap siklus pembakaran, sedangkan untuk mesin 2 langkah terdapat 2 kali gerakan piston atau 1 kali putaran poros engkol untuk tiap siklus pembakaran. Sementara yang dimaksud langkah adalah gerakan piston dari TMA (Titik Mati Atas) atau TDC (Top Death Center) sampai TMB (Titik Mati Bawah) atau BDC (Bottom Death Center) maupun sebaliknya dari TMB ke TMA.

Semoga Bermanfaat.


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